Chandrayaan 2 is a space probe launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on 22nd July 2019. The aim of this space probe was to collect data from the south pole of the Earth’s moon.
The Importance of the Moon’s South Pole
As per scientists, recent orbits of the moon have shown signs of water deposits in the area. It is also believed by scientists that solar wind particles may be trapped at the Moon’s south pole.
India is the first country to send a robotic probe to study this area of the moon.
Why Hasn’t Someone Sent a Space Probe to the Moon’s South Pole Before?
For a majority of the time, the south pole of the Earth’s moon receives little to no sunlight. And as most space probes depend on solar power for energy, going to the south pole of the moon is harder than it sounds.
About Chandrayaan 2
The Vikram lander from Chandrayaan 2 was expected to land in the south pole of the Earth’s moon on Friday, 6th September 2019. But, in the last 2.1 kilometers of the landing, ISRO lost contact with the space probe.
Later that day, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the nation to mention how proud he is of the scientists at the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Watch the complete speech here:
On Sunday, 8th September, scientists at ISRO received a thermal image from the Vikram lander sent to the moon. With the help of this image, scientists were able to pinpoint exactly where the Vikram lander landed in the south pole. But, they are yet to find out the state of the lander and exactly how much of the lander is actually intact. On the basis of this, the team will continue the 14-day expedition of the moon’s south pole.